Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney welcomed the news and told RTE News that the new border agreement was “a very important positive for the island of Ireland.” In October 2019, the UK and EU negotiators agreed on a revised protocol (see below) that resolved many of these problems by allowing Northern Ireland to leave de jure but effectively the border between the islands (Ireland and Britain). As far as Brexit is concerned, a “hard border” means a limited number of authorized (and physically controlled) crossing points, occupied by customs officers and police and supported by military personnel in times of tension.  Drivers of vehicles crossing the vehicle must report goods during transport, commercial carriers must submit bill of lading and prove that the goods meet the minimum standards of the area concerned. Tariffs (in the form of tariffs) may be due.  This was the position at the border between 1923 and the Single European Act of 1993.  (In this context, a “hard border” does not mean a fortified border, but during the unrest British security forces blocked many unauthorized crossing points for security reasons. In accordance with the provisions of the Common Travel Area, British and Irish citizens are free to cross the border without passport control. Irish Prime Minister Micheal Martin welcomed the agreement. After Brexit, Northern Ireland`s 310-mile border with the Republic of Ireland is the only land border between the UK and the European Union (EU). Northern Ireland is the only land border between the UK and the EU. “Protecting the Good Friday Agreement is essential,” Martin said. The border is a sensitive issue because of the history of Northern Ireland and peace evacuation agreements, including the elimination of visible signs of the border. “There`s a community dimension,” said O`Sullivan, who recalls meeting a few northern countries that took the ferry on their first trip to the border.
“If there is a hard Brexit, it will almost certainly have negative effects.” The second level is the potential threat to Ireland`s place in the internal market, which reduces its membership of the EU. If the United Kingdom does not introduce market controls at EU seaports in Northern Ireland, Ireland would have to choose between controls along the land border or at seaports in Ireland and/or the mainland.