The Bangsamoro Framework Agreement is a provisional peace agreement signed on 15 October 2012 at the Malacaan Palace in Manila, Philippines. The agreement calls for the creation of an autonomous political unit called Bangsamoro, replacing the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), described as a “failed experiment” by former President Benigno Aquino III.  The International Liaison Group on the Peace Process in the Southern Philippines was responsible for helping the parties move towards the pioneering agreements, the framework agreement and, two years later, the comprehensive agreement on bangsamoro, ending decades of conflict. Philippine Government Chief Negotiator Marvic Leonen and his counterpart Mohagher Iqbal of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front signed the agreement on October 15, 2012 at the Rizal Ceremonial Hall of the Malacaan Palace in Manila, Philippines. The agreement was sealed at about 15:00 PST. Malaysian presenter Ab Ghafar Mohamed, President Aquino, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Al Haj President Murad Ebrahim and Secretary General Ekmeleddin Hsano-lu of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation were present at the signing of the agreement.  The Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the Philippines held peace talks in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, from 2 to 6 October. On 7 October, President Aquino announced that the two sides had agreed to sign a provisional peace agreement calling for the creation of an autonomous political unit called Bangsamoro, which succeeds the Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM). He criticized the ARMM as a “failed experiment” that did not address issues such as electoral fraud, political tutelage, poverty, war and war. Aquino said structural reforms were needed and Bangsamoro needed to resolve these issues with respect for national sovereignty.
The agreement was reached after 32 nine-year peace talks between the two sides.   Take a look at bab.la`s Korean-English dictionary. The International Contact Group (ICG) was established in December 2009 to advise and assist both parties and the Malaysian mediator in their discussions.  It was a mixture of diplomats and NGOs. Four countries were members: Japan, the United Kingdom, Turkey and Saudi Arabia, and four international NGOs: the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Muhammadiyah, the Asia Foundation and Resources. These phrases come from external sources and may not be correct. bab.la is not responsible for their content.